Windows 98   
 

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Fjerne pålogging
Koble 98 til NT nettv.
Optimalisering
Shut-down problem
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Hvordan pakke ut systemfiler fra .CAB-filer på Windows 98 CD

DBeskriver hvordan en henter ut systemfiler fra .CAB-filer på Windows 98 CD.

Fjerne pålogging

Hvordan fjerne påloggingsvindu i oppstart.

 
Koble Windows 95/98 til Windows NT/2k/XP

Hvordan sette opp nettverk mellom Windows 98 og Windows NT/2k/XP.

 
Optimalisering.

Hvordan optimalisere Windows 98 for å oppnå best mulig ytelse på din pc.

 
Shut down problem

Feilsøkingsguide for shut-down problem i Windows 98.

 
Soft Restart

Rask omstart uten å måtte kjøre hele omstartssekvensen.

 

 

 


 

Information about Windows 98

QUICK LINKS

Windows 98 Overview
Windows 98 SE Overview
What's new
New programs
Tips and tricks
Device manager information
Registry

WINDOWS 98 OVERVIEW

win98.gif (11957 bytes)

Microsoft Windows 98 is the upgrade to Microsoft Windows 95. While this was not as big as release as Windows 95, Windows 98 has significant updates, fixes and support for new peripherals. The following is a list of some of its new features.

Protection - Windows 98 includes additional protection for important files on your computer such as backing up your registry automatically.
Improved support - Improved support for new devices such as AGP, Direct X, DVD, USB, MMX,
FAT32 - Windows 98 has the capability of converting your drive to FAT32 without loosing any information.
Interface - Users of Windows 95 and NT will enjoy the same easy interface.
PnP - Improved PnP support, to detect devices even better then Windows 95.
Internet Explorer 4.0 - Included Internet Explorer 4.0
Customizable Taskbar - Windows add many nice new features to the taskbar which 95 and NT do not have.
Includes Plus! - Includes features only found in Microsoft Plus! free.
Active Desktop - Includes Active Desktop which allows for users to customize there desktop with the look of the Internet.

WINDOWS 98 SE OVERVIEW

win98.gif (12657 bytes)

Including the same additional features as Windows 98 however includes additional fixes and all of Year 2000 patches have been included in Windows 98 Second Edition. The following is a listing of the various new features Windows 98 SE includes.

Updates - Includes all the latest updates for Windows 98 including Year 2000 updates, USB support and more.
Software - Updated versions of Internet Explorer, outlook express, windows media player, DirectX, NetMeeting and more.
Drivers / Support - Additional support for latest technology such as MMX, USB, Pentium III and more.

 

WINDOWS 98
REQUIREMENTS
Released 1998
Computer: 100% IBM Compatible
Processor: 486DX/66 MHz or Higher processor
Memory: 16 MB of RAM
Drives: Approximately 195MB; can take up to 295MB
CD-ROM or Floppy
Sound: Standard Sound card for sound capability.
Video: VGA or higher-resolution
Controls: 100% compatible Microsoft keyboard / Mouse
Operating System: Windows 3.x, 3.1x or Windows 95 to upgrade
Direct X: Includes Direct X 5.0
Other:  
Price: $80.00 - $100.00
dotwhite.gif (38 bytes)
WINDOWS 98 SE
REQUIREMENTS
Computer: 100% IBM Compatible
Processor: 486DX/66 MHz or Higher processor
Memory: 24 MB of RAM
Drives: Approximately 205MB; can take up to 315MB
CD-ROM / DVD
Sound: Standard Sound card for sound capability.
Video: VGA or higher-resolution
Controls: 100% compatible Microsoft keyboard / Mouse
Operating System: Windows 3.x, 3.1x or Windows 95 to upgrade
Direct X: Includes Direct X 6.0
Other:  
Price: $100.00 - $200.00

 


What's new in Windows 98

QUICK LINKS

Overview
New Features
Windows 98

OVERVIEW

The following is a listing of the new features found in Windows 98.

NEW FEATURES

New Paint Brush - The new paint brush allows you now to open *.bmp, *.pcx, *.jpg, and *.gif files, allowing you now to get images from the web and modify or create your own images for the web.

Internet Explorer 4.0 - Includes Internet Explorer as the Internet browser which gives you a lot more new features such as channels, search window in the same window as your web page window, easier interface, and faster access.

New Background Properties - You can now set *.bmp, *.pcx, *.jpg, *.gif, and *.htm files as your background.

Plus - Windows 98 has Microsoft Plus! built into the operating system, which allows you to do all the features that the Microsoft plus add-on would do such as stretch your wall paper so its full screen in all resolutions, add your own desktop themes, have dialup server, and more.

Front Page Express - The "light" version of Microsoft's FrontPage 97. It comes with IE4 and Windows 98, and it is great for WYSIWYG or source editing HTML documents.

Personal Web Server - PWS supports Common Gateway Interface (CGI) and Internet Server application programming interface (ISAPI) applications. That means you can use it as a staging server to test Web apps before promoting them to your live server.

Faster Shutdown - The time it takes to shutdown the system has been dramatically reduced in Windows 98.

Windows 98 Help Desk - HelpDesk builds technical support right into the operating system, a technique that began with the extensive help files and wizards in Win95. We found HelpDesk tucked discreetly into the Start menu. The HelpDesk links to an HTML file offering three levels of support: Local Help, Web Resources and Contact a Support Engineer.

Multiple Display Support - Multiple Display Support allows you to use 8 multiple monitors and/or multiple graphics adapters on a single PC. The ability to have your work environment displayed on multiple monitors can be extremely beneficial in many areas including: desktop publishing, Web development, video editing, and gaming environments.

Ability to list fonts by similarity - You can now exclude fonts by similarity meaning you can exclude fonts with the same name but with different type face, such as Arial, Arial Italic, Arial Bold...

HSFLOP.PDR - Win98 includes a new HSFLOP.PDR floppy disk driver, which will significantly improve access speed to many diskette drives.

Ability to display Cabinet files - In Windows 98 you will have the capability of opening cabinet files and simply copy files within them without having to use the extract command.

Disk Defragmenter Optimization Wizard - The new Disk Defragmenter Optimization Wizard uses the process of disk defragmentation to increase the speed with which your most frequently used applications run. To accomplish this the wizard creates a log file which identifies your most commonly used programs. Once this log file has been created, it can be used by the disk Defragmenter to store the files associated with your most commonly run programs (the files will be stored contiguously on the hard disk). Placing all of the files associated with a given application in the same location on your hard disk will optimize the speed with which your application runs.

System File Checker Utility - System File Checker is a new utility which provides an easy way to verify that the Windows 98 System Files (*.dll, *.com, *.vxd, *.drv, *.ocx, *.inf, *.hlp, etc.) have not been modified or corrupted. The utility also provides an easy mechanism for restoring the original versions of system files which have changed. System File Checker will be extremely valuable in helping users and support personnel track changes (file corruption, application installation, application removal, accidental deleting of files, etc.) made to Windows 98 systems and restore original files in the event a change causes a conflict.

Windows Tune-Up Wizard - The Windows Tune-Up Wizard was designed to make the PC more self-maintainable. The Wizard schedules tune-up jobs to be run automatically on a regular basis. You can launch the Wizard from the Start menu, or off of the Programs, Accessories, and System Tools.

Microsoft System Information Utility - Windows 98 now contains a centralized system information utility that gathers system configuration information for technical support. This tool is comprised of a collection of ActiveX controls, each responsible for collecting and displaying a certain category of system information in the right frame of MSInfo. A Support Engineer can guide the user experiencing an issue to MSInfo to facilitate the information gathering process.

New Dr. Watson Utility - Windows 98 Includes an enhanced version of the Dr. Watson utility. With Dr. Watson enabled, when a software fault occurs (general protection fault, hang, etc.), Dr. Watson will intercept it and indicate what software faulted and why. In addition, Dr. Watson collects detailed information about the state of your system at the time the fault occurred. It logs this information to disk, and can display it on screen to assist administrative and product support personnel in determining the cause of the fault. Additional information about Dr. Watson can be found on our Dr. Watson page.

New Backup Utility- This new backup applet supports SCSI tape devices and makes backing up your data easier and faster.

New Accessibility Tools - Windows 98 includes two new accessibility tools including - the Accessibility Configuration Wizard which helps people adapt Windows' options to their needs and preferences, and a low-end screen magnifier which helps people with moderate vision impairments and those working on unfamiliar machines.

Support for New Generation of Hardware - One of the major goals is to provide complete support for users to take advantage of the array of innovations which have occurred in computer hardware over the last few years. Some of the major hardware standards supported by Windows 98 includes: Universal Serial Bus (USB), IEEE 1394, Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP), Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI), and Digital Video Disc (DVD)

Display Setting Enhancements - Display Setting Enhancements provide support for dynamically changing screen resolution and color depth. Adapter refresh rate can also be set with most newer display driver chipsets. Also includes the display enhancements previously available in Microsoft Plus!. (Microsoft Plus! is an add-on pack for Windows 95 which provided several minor operating system enhancements.) The enhancements with include: full window drag, font smoothing, wallpaper stretching, large icons, and hi-color icons.

FAT32 Conversion Utility - For added flexibility, Windows 98 includes a graphical FAT32 conversion utility, which can quickly and safely convert a hard drive from the original version of FAT to FAT32.


Windows 98 New Programs.

QUICK LINKS

Overview
Disk cleanup
Disk defragmenter
Disk converter
Maintenance wizard
System information

OVERVIEW

The following is a listing of some of Windows 98 new programs as well as screen shots for each of the applicable applications. This will help the user take full advantage of all the new capabilities of Windows 98.

DISK CLEANUP

Disk Cleanup: (Found in Start / Programs / Accessories / System Tools). This program was designed to clean your hard drive. When ran will clean Temporary Internet Files for Internet Explorer, Downloaded program files, Recycle bin files, and Temporary files. Under settings currently this will take you into add / remove programs and allow you to uninstall programs you no longer use. This is a very nice feature for new users and even advanced users to easily delete files that are not needed and take up disk space. What we found interesting is that as you notice with the picture on the left it says Disk Cleanup for Windows 95 although we don't recall this program being in Windows 95 and we are running it from Windows 98, however it still works fine and is a good application.

DISK DEFRAGMENTER

Disk Defragmenter: (Found in Start / Programs / Accessories / System Tools). While the appearance has not change that must the new Disk Defragmenter has the capability of seeing which programs you run the most and put that at the first portion of your hard drive which allows faster access to programs you run most often. Keep in mind some programs may not have this capability so they cannot be optimized.

DISK CONVERTER FAT32

Drive Converter (FAT 32): (Found in Start / Programs / Accessories / System Tools). With the release of Windows 95 OSR2 that was first to bring out FAT32 a lot of new Windows 95 users have wanted a program such as this. With Windows 98 you will now have the availability of during the installation or after the installation of after to convert any of your hard drives to FAT32, to allow more available disk space with smaller cluster sizes. Note: If you are running Windows NT 4.x and Below if any of your drives are converted to FAT32 Windows NT will not have the availability to read from them. For more information on FAT32 please see our FAT32 PAGE.

MAINTENANCE WIZARD

Maintenance Wizard: (Found in Start / Programs / Accessories / System Tools). This program is allows you to setup daily, monthly, yearly tasks to keep your computer Maintained such as running scandisk every week, Defrag every week, and other useful tasks to help your computer keep its performance up during use. Similar to an oil change/tune up on your car.

SYSTEM INFORMATION

System Information: (Found in Start / Programs / Accessories / System Tools). System information is an excellent place to get information and begin trouble shooting your computer. First System Information has listing of all hardware and software information on your computer such as the available IRQ's, currently installed hardware, drivers, and much more.

From Tools you can get access to the following:

Windows Report Tool: Tool used by Technicians and Engineers to take a snap shot of your computer to help better trouble shoot and diagnose your computer.
Update Wizard Uninstall:
When Updating through Microsoft's Update wizard to get new files / drivers use this utility to convert back to the original files if the Update did not complete successfully or caused further issues.
System File Checker:
Tool used to check the integrity of your hard drive if a file is found to be missing or corrupt it can be restored by this tool.
Signature Verification Tool:
Used to Verify files / drives on your computer that have been granted with the Microsoft digital signature.
Registry Checker:
Tool used to check your registry for errors and make additional backup's of the registry.
Automatic Skip Driver Agent:
Searches the hard drive for ASD (Automatic Start Drivers) that have prevented the computer from loading up the previous time and has the capability of disabling those drivers.
Dr. Watson:
Diagnostic tool used to stay resident in your memory if it detects a problem or your computer causes a fault Dr. Watson will appear on the screen with a resolution to the problem.
*System Configuration Utility:
(msconfig.exe) Extremely helpful program that allows you to take lines out of your autoexec.bat / config.sys / win.ini / system.ini and items from loading up automatically by simply un-checking a box.
ScanDisk:
Normal Scandisk program to check your hard drive for errors.
Version Conflict Manager:
If older files are found during the installation of programs they will be backed up the Version Conflict Manager allows you to restore the original files if you run into problems after the installation of programs


WINDOWS 98 TIPS & TRICKS

TASKBAR TIPS/TRICKS

The taskbar which is the image below is the item that displays all open windows as well as allows you to open other programs. Usually this bar is located at the bottom of your screen however can be moved to the top, left, and right as well.

TIP: Organizing the Start Shortcuts: Windows 98 has added the capability of customizing your taskbar using the right mouse button. You can now cut, copy, and past items in your taskbar. For example if you wanted to move a shortcut in a folder to another folder you can click on the shortcut with your right mouse button and choose the cut option (Note when clicking on cut the icon will not disappear until you paste into another location). Once you have chosen the option to cut find a folder that you wish to move the shortcut to and choose paste and your shortcut should now be in the folder that you have pasted it too. You can also do this with other shortcuts that are elsewhere on the computer such as your desktop, as well as moving them from your taskbar to your desktop.

TIP: Categorizing the Start Shortcuts: You can arrange your shortcuts in the Taskbar by clicking with your right mouse button and continuing to hold the button and when moving your mouse up or down you should get a small bar indicating where the icon is going to be moved too, when you have found an appropriate spot you can let go of your mouse in turn moving the icon to its location.

TIP: Customizing Quick Launch tool bar: The quick launch which you can see in the above picture which are all the shortcuts by the Start button can be easily added and removed. First however you must have the quick launch toolbar enabled, if you do not see any icons like the icons in the above picture click on an un occupied section of the toolbar with your right mouse button and choose the option Toolbars, ensure that there is a check next to Quick Launch, if there is not click on quick launch which should place it on your tool bar. Once the Quick launch is enabled to remove an icon click the icon with your right mouse button and choose the option to delete. To create new shortcut first create a shortcut on your desktop or if you have the shortcut in another folder drag it to the quick launch section, unfortunately there is not an option to paste.

TIP: Creating new Taskbars: To add additional taskbars to the taskbar right click on an un used section of the toolbar and select toolbars from this window selection you can add:

Address: Added the Internet Explorer address to your taskbar
Links: Adds Internet Explorer links to your task bar.
Desktop: Creates links to items on your desktop on your tool bar.
New Tool Bar: You can create your own customized toolbar by selecting this option and pointing it to a folder with all your shortcuts.


WINDOWS DEVICE MANAGER 
Device manager information and error codes.

QUICK LINKS

Device manager ABCs
Device manager errors
Device manager overview
Error Codes

DEVICE MANAGER ABCs

First introduced in Microsoft Windows 95. Microsoft Windows device manager is a program that allows users to view hardware devices detected in Windows and manage those hardware devices easily. Device manager is available in Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows ME, Windows 2000 and Windows XP. 

DEVICE MANAGER ERRORS

Within device manager the user can locate three types of problems an exclamation mark, a red X, or an Other device.

Exclamation Mark - When a device has an explanation mark this is an indication that the device is conflicting with another hardware device.

Red X - Indication that the device has been disabled, removed or that Windows is unable to locate the device.

Other Devices - Windows was unable to locate the drivers for the device and cannot determine the type of device being installed.

DEVICE MANAGER OVERVIEW

To get into the device manager click Start / Settings / Control Panel / double click the System icon and within System Properties click the Device Manager tab or the Hardware tab depending upon which version of Windows you are running.

Users can also open the System Properties by right clicking on the My computer icon on the desktop and click properties.

Finally, you can also access the System Properties if you have a Windows Keyboard by pressing the windows key on the left hand side of the keyboard and the pause key at the same time.

The following is an example of what the device manager may or may not look like when opening. To see the image in full size simply click the image.

device.gif (9005 bytes)

DEVICE MANAGER ERROR CODES

The following is a listing of device manager error codes and possible resolutions to resolve the errors generated by device manager.

CODE / ERROR HOW TO RESOLVE ERROR
CODE 1 - System Failure - No Config Flags (Not Configured). Update driver, You may also be able to resolve this issue by removing the device in device manager, and going through the Add New Hardware Wizard.
CODE 2 (First Error) - The (FLOP, ESDI, SCSI,...) device loader(s) for this device could not load the device driver
CODE 2 (Second Error) - Windows could not load a device driver is reporting (ISAPNP, PCI, BIOS, EISA, or ACPI) bus types
(Getting First Error) - Update driver, You may also be able to resolve this issue by removing the device in device manager, and going through the Add new hardware wizard.
CODE 3 - System Failure - Run Out of Memory Update driver, You may also be able to resolve this issue by removing the device in device manager, and going through the Add New Hardware Wizard.
CODE 4 - Device Failure - Devloader/Static VxD/Configured is of Wrong Type. This code indicates that the .inf file for this device may be incorrect or the registry may be damaged. This error code is displayed if the .inf file specifies a field that should be text, but is binary instead. In addition to following the recommended suggestions, use Device Manager to remove the device and then run the Add New Hardware tool in Control Panel. If you continue to receive this error code, please contact the hardware's manufacturer for an updated .inf file.
CODE 5 - Device Failure - Lacked an Arbitrator. To resolve this problem, update the driver, or use Device Manager to remove the device and then run the Add New Hardware tool in Control Panel.
CODE 6 - Boot config Conflicted. One or more of your devices within your computer are conflicting, such as an IRQ conflict. Ensure that the IRQ's DMA, and I/O address's are all correct.
CODE 7 - Filtering Failed - Possible problem in Device Driver Code. If the device works correctly, you do need not to perform any steps to correct the code. If the device does not work correctly, use Device Manager to remove the device and then run the Add New Hardware tool in Control Panel. If you continue to receive this error code and the device does not function properly, check with the hardware manufacturer for an updated driver.
CODE 8 - System failure - Devloader Not Found If you are receiving an error about Devloader there is no known resolution. If you are receiving any other error, attempt to reinstall the driver, update the driver.
If you are getting an error with a System Devloader, Windows should be reinstalled because the Devloader is built into the Vmm32.vxd.
CODE 9 - Invalid Data in Registry. This code means that the information in the registry for this device is invalid.
It may be possible to resolve this error by using Device Manager to remove the device and then running the Add New Hardware tool in Control Panel. If you continue to receive this error code, contact the hardware's manufacturer for the proper registry settings or updated drivers.
CODE 10 - Device Failed to start. Update driver, You may also be able to resolve this issue by removing the device in device manager, and going through the Add New Hardware Wizard.
CODE 11 - Device Failure. To resolve this error, run the Automatic Skip Driver utility from the System Information tool. If the problem persists, contact the hardware manufacturer for updated drivers.
CODE 12 - Was normal conflicting - One of the resource arbitrators returned a failure. One or more of your devices within your computer are conflicting, such as an IRQ conflict. Ensure that the IRQ's DMA, and I/O address's are all correct.
CODE 13 - System Failure - Possible problem in Device Driver or Windows 95 Code. This code indicates that the device driver did not find the hardware.
To resolve this error code, first ensure the device is properly installed. As an alternative, use Device Manager to remove the device and then run the Add New Hardware tool in Control Panel.
CODE 14 - Need to restart your computer for this device to be re setup or to be finished installed. Restart the computer.
CODE 15 - This device is causing a resource conflict. One or more of your devices within your computer are conflicting, such as an IRQ conflict. Ensure that the IRQ's DMA, and I/O address's are all correct.
CODE 16 - Was not fully detected, not all detected. Double click on the device, click the Resources tab and manually enter the settings.
CODE 17 - Device failure - Resource number was not found. This code means that the hardware is a multiple-function device and the .inf file for the device is providing invalid information on how to split the device's resources to the child devices.
To resolve this error code, use Device Manager to remove the device and then run the Add New Hardware tool in Control Panel. If you continue to receive this error code, please contact the hardware's manufacturer about an updated .inf file.
CODE 18 - Reinstall. Reinstall driver, You may also be able to resolve this issue by removing the device in device manager, and going through the Add New Hardware Wizard.
CODE 19 - System Failure - Registry returned unknown result. Problem in the registry.
If you have Windows 95 and you have not made a backup of the registry you will need to reinstall Windows.
If you have Windows 98: To resolve this issue, follow the recommended solution, which will run Scanreg.exe. If this does not resolve the issue, type scanreg /restore from C:\WINDOWS\COMMAND.
CODE 20 - System Failure - VxDLdr Returned Unknown Result. This code means VxD Loader (Vxdldr) returned an unknown result. For example, there could a version mismatch between the device driver and the operating system.
Attempt to update driver. If that does not work, try removing the device from Device Manager and then running the Add New Hardware Wizard in Control Panel.
CODE 21 - Will Be Removed. Restart the computer.
CODE 22 - This device is disabled. Double click on the device and Enable. If this does not work attempt to update the driver. If this also does not work attempt to remove the device and reinstall through Add New Hardware Wizard in Control Panel.
CODE 23 - Device Failure - Devloader was not ready. Update driver, You may also be able to resolve this issue by removing the device in device manager, and going through the Add New Hardware Wizard.
CODE 24 - Device not Found, This device is either missing or not working properly. Update driver, You may also be able to resolve this issue by removing the device in device manager, and going through the Add New Hardware Wizard.
CODE 25 - Was Moved - Possible problem in device driver code. Attempt first to restart the computer at least two times, if you continue to get this error Reinstall Windows.
CODE 26 - Device Failure. Restart the computer if this does not fix the issue get Updated driver, You may also be able to resolve this issue by removing the device in device manager, and going through the Add New Hardware Wizard.
CODE 27 - Device failure - No Valid Log configuration This code means that the portion of the registry describing possible resources for a device does not contain valid entries. For example, the device is marked as configurable, but the configuration information in the .inf file is set to hardwired. To resolve this error code, use Device Manager to remove the device and then run the Add New Hardware tool in Control Panel. If the device still does not work, consult the hardware manufacturer for updated drivers or further assistance.
CODE 28 - Failed Installation - This device was not installed completely. Reinstall the driver, You may also be able to resolve this issue by removing the device in device manager, and going through the Add New Hardware Wizard.
CODE 29 - Hardware Disabled - This device does not work and cannot be made to work. Ensure the device is not disabled through BIOS, Windows cannot override this. If the device is enabled there is no other known resolution.
CODE 30 - Cant Share IRQ. A PCI/EISA SCSI Controller is sharing an IRQ that is also in use by a real-mode device driver we do not want to take over. (Remove the real mode driver that is using the same IRQ as the device from the Config.sys or Autoexec.bat
CODE 31 (WIN 98 ONLY) - <device> is not working properly. The Properties button displays the properties for the other device. More than likely, the other device will also have one of these Device Manager error codes. Follow all the recommended solutions. If the devices still do not work, remove them from Device Manager and use the Add New Hardware wizard to redetect them. Finally, consult with the hardware manufacturer for updated drivers.
CODE 32 (WIN 98 ONLY) - Cannot install the device because cannot access the Networked drive. Restart the computer. If this does not work, ensure that the device you are attempting to copy from is properly working. If the device is working properly attempt to copy the files onto your local hard drive and install from it.
CODE 33 (WIN 98 ONLY) - Device is not responding. This error is usually only shown when hardware has failed.
 

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Copyright © 2002 Øyvind Haugland
Sist endret:  13 januar 2019
 

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