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INTERNET INFORMATION

QUICK LINKS

Introduction
Internet jargon
Name schemes
Extensions
Internet shorthand
IRC commands
Internet help

HTML help

Downloads

INTRODUCTION

The Internet came into existence in 1969, the U.S. Department of Defense decided to try connecting several major computing centers together in a network fashion. This type of network would help if in the event of a natural disaster the internet would be a resource of communications to continue across the United States. Today the Internet is essentially a very big loosely connected network that links smaller networks to individual computers all over the world using modems, phone lines, and satellite links. Allowing people all over the world to communicate over web pages, e-mail, chat, video conferencing, and telephones. As long as your computer runs the communications standard TCP/IP you can connect to the Internet. This universal standard allows different types of computers to communicate with each other regardless of there make, model, or operating system. One of the main reason's the internet is so popular today is even if one computer is down or even a 1,000 computers are down 90% of the time you can access the data you need to with trillions of different ways to get to one destination.

INTERNET JARGON

Downloading - Downloading is getting data from another computer and transferring it to your own computer.
Modem - MOdulator / DEModulator; which can be connected either internally within your computer or externally allows your computer to connect with the internet. The modem transforms (modulates.) the digital signals your computer produces into analog signals that can travel across regular phone lines and into the modems of other computers. When the modem receives data then the process is switched the incoming analog data is converted into digital data allowing your computer to read. Modems come in different speeds 300, 2400, 9600, 14400, 28800, 36600, and 56000 each of these numbers representing how many bits are transferred per second so a 28.8 BPS modem, the higher the number the faster your modem is capable of transmitting however keep in mind although you may have a 33600 BPS modem if you are connecting to a 14400 modem you will only connect at 14400 max.
Search service or engine - Search engine comprised of millions of different pages allowing to find what you want on the Internet without spending countless hours.
URL - Universal Resource Locator, which basically is the internet address such as http://www.computerhope.com.
Web browser - Allowing you with a program to surf through trillions of different pages all around the internet with a rich graphical, audio, and text environment by just typing in the actual name of the address.
World Wide Web - One of the many places on the Internet however the most popular and well known places on the Internet.

Additional terms and definitions can be found on our computer dictionary.

NAME SCHEMES

A domain name is what allows you to go to particular pages on the Internet such as:

http://www.computerhope.com

The http:// stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol, which is one of the ways for computers to exchange information on the internet. Next www. means that this page is a World Wide Web page. Finally computerhope.com would be the domain name and the last three or two letters would stand for the organization, state, or country.

Just like your regular home address an e-mail address is what allows you to send electronic email over the Internet such as:

support@computerhope.com

The Support section is the name, username, or identification number of the person you are emailing. @ serves as the divider between the email section and the domain name. In this case computerhope.com is the domain name.

EXTENSIONS

.COM - Company or business.
.EDU - Educational institution.
.GOV - Government site.
.MIL - Military site.
.ORG - Private organization.
.NET - Network gateway or host.

INTERNET SHORTHAND

Shorthand is used all through out the internet however is found mostly in chat rooms below is different shorthand's that you will see throughout the Internet and the meaning or description of each.

The following symbols are emoticons to see them turn your head to the left or right and read.

:) Smile (: Smile
:-) Smile =) Smile
=-) Smile :> Smile
8) Smile !) Wink
;) Wink !-) Wink
;-) Wink ): Sad
:( Sad =( Sad
:-( Sad :P Face with tongue out.
:-| Indifferent :-P Face with tongue out.
:-> Sarcastic q: Face with tongue out.
>:-> Devilish >:) Devilish
:-o Suprised >=) Devilish
:-S Incoherent :-$ Incoherent
:8) Pig :P~ Face with tongue out.
:=8) Baboon <:-L Dunce
7:>) Ronald Reagan C=:-) Chef
0-) Cyclopes P-( Pirate
%-) Dazed :-X Big wet kiss
:-* Kiss :-# Lips are sealed
:-& Tongue Tied :-(*) Sick
:-)X Person with bow tie. :---) Pinocchio
H-) Cross Eyed ]-) Smile with sunglasses
V^) Smile with sunglasses shown from one side. BI Frog
=:-( Punk :-! Foot in mouth
:#) Drunk Smile $-) Yuppie Smile
|:-) Smile with flat top 8-) Big eyed Smile
:-E Vampire :`( Crying smile
d:-) Smile with baseball cap X:-) Brain dead Smile
:-C Real unhappy smile 8(:-) Mickey mouse
(-0-) Imperial Tie Fighter from "Star Wars"    

The following is acronymic phrases, short hand for long words. 
Note you do not have to turn your head to the left for these.

AFK "Away From Keyboard"
AAMOF  "As A Matter Of Fact"
BRB "Be Right Back"
BBL "Be Back Later"
BBFN "Bye Bye For Now"
BBIAF "Be Back In A Few"
BTW "By The Way"
BYKT "But You Knew That"
CMIIW "Correct Me If I'm Wrong"
EOL "End Of Lecture."
FITB "Fill In The Blank"
FOCL "Falling Out of Chair Laughing"
IAC "In Any Case"
IMHO "In My Humble Opinion"
OIC "Ohh I See"
OTOH "On The Other Hand"
LJBF "Lets Just Be Friends"
LOL "Laugh Out Loud"
ROFL "Rolling On The Floor Laughing"
TIC "Tongue In Cheek"
TTFN "Ta Ta For Now"
TTYL "Talk To You Later"
TYVM "Thank You Very Much"

IRC COMMANDS

One of the most popular chat programs on the Internet that thousands of people log on each day chatting about various topics. Below you will find some of the most useful command switch's to help get you around IRC, if you do not already have IRC or MIRC you can find MIRC on our download page.

/away (message) - Leaves a message explaining to others why you are gone.
/clear - Clears the text from the current window that you are in.
/clearall - Clears all the text from all open windows on your screen.
/dcc chat (user name) - Opens a chat window with the username that you specify.
/help Brings up a list of all the commands or the help window.
/ignore (on/off) (user name) - Allows you to ignore / not ignore a user.
/join (#channel) - Joins a particular chat group, and open's the chat in a new windows.
/me (action text) - Allows you to do different actions showing the text in a different color.
/msg (user name) (message) - Sends a message to the user of your choice without anyone else seeing it.
/nick (user name) Changes your name / user name.
/part (channel) - Leaves the specified channel.
/ping (user name) - Pings the specified user and telling you how far they are in seconds, so if it returns 10 seconds, it would take 10 seconds for that user to see your message.
/ping (channel) - Pings all the users in a specified channel.
/query (user name) (message) - Opens a new chat window to this user and then sends a private message.
/whois (user name) - Shows information about the specified user.
/whowas (user name) - Shows information about a specified user that was in earlier.


INTERNET HELP

QUICK LINKS

Navigation help
Browser information
Downloading
Internet fun
Internet information
Creating your own web page

NAVIGATION HELP

The internet is composed of trillions of different pages with links to other pages. Clicking on one link will take you to another page with the Intent of getting you to the place you are trying to get to, unfortunately when browsing the Internet you may see something you may find interesting therefore you may get side tracked. A link is usually represented by text that is underlined sometimes with a different color. For example a link to our main page would be Computer Hope when your mouse is moved over a link it will change the cursor to something other then your normal cursor such as small hand with the index finger pointing at the link, however may be something else depending upon which browser you are using. When clicked on that link it will take you to that page.

When browsing the Internet most web browsers have Tool Bars that help in you navigation of the Internet:

The above is an example of such a bar as you notice by the above example the first icon is;

Back - When browsing the Internet if you click on a link and it takes you to a page that may not be useful to you you can press the back button which will take you to the previous page, usually this will go back the amount of pages you have viewed from the time you opened your browser.
Forward - Like the back button the forward button well take you forward. If there is no page to go forward to it will be Grey like the example above.
Stop - This button will make the browser stop loading the page if trying to be loaded. This button comes in handy if a web page takes too long to load, you can stop it from loading to allow you to continue navigating.
Refresh - Allows you to reload a page. Sometimes if a page is frequently updated and visited frequently you will not be able to view the new content unless clicking on this button. This button is also useful if you have stopped a page by hitting refresh it will begin to reload the page.
Home - Allows you to go to your main page. For Instructions on making our page your start page please see Making us your start page.
Search - Will take you to a pre-set search engine.
Favorites - Pages that can store to allow you to find easier in the future. In Internet Explorer usually by going up to favorites and choosing add will add the page you are currently on to your favorite list.
Print - Will print the current page you are on.
Font - Easy way to increase and decrease your font size.
Mail - Way to read / send you mail. Usually with the newer Netscape's this is accessed by a small envelope at the bottom left hand corner of the browser.

Because the Internet is so big and vast various companies have created search engines which allow you to search for what you are looking for on the Internet. To see some of the big search engines on the Internet you can view our Web Search Engine Page.

With the Internet being global and anyone having the capability of making web pages there are some pages with content that may not be suitable for all audiences however there are programs that help prevent young viewers in getting into such programs some of which you can find on our Internet Download Page. With these programs once downloaded you can run on your system to help protect young viewers getting into inappropriate sites.

BROWSER INFORMATION

Browsers are what allow you to view web pages on the Internet there are several browsers such as Microsoft Internet Explorer and Netscape. Because there are two different browsers there are some issues that can happen while viewing some web pages because the Web Master created the page only looking at it with one browser, however in general most pages can be viewed with most browsers.

Making your own home page - This page will give you information on making one of our pages your start page or if you have another favorite, making it your start page, this allows you to get up to date information every time you log onto the Internet.

Stopping the second window or smaller windows:

Internet Explorer 4.x - From the browser window click view, then Internet Options / click the security tab / click the settings button, and under the scripting category chose disable for active scripting, or if you wish it to prompt you each before running the script choose prompt.
Navigator 4.x - From the browser window click on edit / preferences then click the advanced category and uncheck enable JavaScript and click ok.
Navigator 3.x
- From the browser window click options / Network preferences, click the languages tab, and uncheck enable JavaScript, and click ok.

Netscape applet - To reload Netscape without reloading the web browser hold down shift then click on refresh.

DOWNLOADING

When on the Internet there are several programs, sounds, movie's, and much more that you can save and view, use, and play on your computer. While this is one of the nicest features on the Internet there are some things to know before downloading files off the Internet.

The fist precaution is to be protected against viruses while on the Internet, when downloading files to your hard drive, floppy, or zip drive there is a possibility that the file may be infected having an active virus scanner that is updated will help prevent yourself from getting infected. For more information about viruses please see our Virus Info Page.

Another precaution is Trojan Horse's which a programs designed to get inside your computer and grab information such as user names, passwords, and credit card information.

While the above may sound scary if you visit the right places you can usually prevent the above hazards. What we mean by this is to keep out of places that provoke viruses, pirated software, hacks, appz, and warez. Visit large companies for drivers, shareware, and patches.

Internet Explorer - To download a file in Microsoft Internet Explorer simply click on the link once with your left mouse button then choose Save to disk, and say ok, then choose the destination of the place you wish to save the file. If you have Windows 95/98 we recommend that you save it to your desktop which is the Windows main screen, this will allow easy accessibility to run the file.

Netscape - To download a file with Netscape Navigator / Communicator.

When downloading files for PC's you want to look for what type of extension of a file you are downloading. If the file is a EXE, COM, or BAT this means that once downloaded you should be able to run the file with no further applications. However a lot of the files that are downloaded from the Internet are ZIP files which are compressed files to open these files you first need to get PKZIP or Winzip both of which you can find on our Download page, if you have Windows we would recommend that you get Winzip for its ease of use. Once the file is downloaded you would then use PKZIP or Winzip to unzip the file and then run the setup or installation file to install the program on your computer.

The following is an example of a file to allow you to practice the above steps the file is very small and when ran will simply say "This is a simple file created to allow you to practice downloading Files from Computer Hope", it then will ask you to press any key, press enter and close out of the box. The name of this file is file.com, this file will only work for PC's.

Download File.com

If you have lost the file once it has completed the downloading process, try finding "file.com" and running it if it gives you the above information see where the file was saved for future reference.

Once you have finished downloading file.com, you can safely delete it.

INTERNET FUN

There are not only pages that contain information there are millions of pages with games, movies, sound files, and more below is information on how to find such pages.

Shockrave - Huge listing of thousands of On-Line games, movies, cartoons, and much more.

Games - Listing of different gaming manufacturers that you can download shareware games to try different games.

Yahoo List of Midi Sound Files - Midi files are files that can be listed to by both Mac and IBM this page list several pages on the Internet that have midi files of different songs generated by the computer.


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Copyright © 2002 Øyvind Haugland
Sist endret:  25 mars 2017
 

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